What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration is the leading cause of legal blindness in the United States. It is an age related condition resulting in damage to central vision where reading and recognition of faces and fine detail takes place. If one considers the eye to function similar to a camera, it is the “film equivalent” or retina that is damaged with macular degeneration. The retina is a neural lining over the back of the eye. The central retina or macula is where vision is most sensitive. Damage here can produce very serious vision loss.
Macular Degeneration: Wet & Dry Form
Macular degeneration exists in a wet and a dry form. Usually the dry form precedes the wet form. Dry macular degeneration occurs when the pigmented nutritional supporting cells of the retina become damaged with age. As this damage progresses, small hemorrhages can develop from the growth of abnormal blood vessels producing the wet form. Damage from dry macular degeneration generally progresses slowly, but damage from wet macular degeneration can progress very rapidly.
Treatment for Macular Degeneration
Treatment for dry macular degeneration centers on nutritional support with vitamin supplements. Monitoring for wet changes is accomplished by routine visualization of an Amsler grid provided by your Vision Care Center eye doctor. If wet changes occur, medications designed to halt the visualization and further bleeding are available through your doctor at The Vision Care Center.